A fresh card game begins in a little way, either an invention of someone, or by modifying an existing game. People playing these games may concur to change its rules as agreed upon. The rules they set become a “house rules” where they play a game. A house rules set can be officially accepted by the players’ group anywhere they play.
At the time a game develops into a popular one, that there are people regularly play it among them, a set of rules that will be generally recognized by many is required. For example, after whist became so popular in England during the18th-century, Portland Club players came to an agreement to have “house rules” used on its grounds. Players in other clubs soon adopt the “Portland Club” regulations, rather than making their own rules. These rules in time became normally accepted all over England.
It is occasionally stated that the “correct” or “official” sets of regulations that govern a card game is the “Hoyle” rule. Sir Edmond Hoyle was an Englishman living in the 18th century who printed out some books dealing with card games. These books became so popular, specially his article on becoming a fine whist player.
Following (or even before) Hoyle’s death, countless publishers took advantage of Edmond Hoyle’s popularity by putting his name on novel game rules they to published. But the presence of this man’s name on any rule book has no importance after all. Ironically, the rules stated in these books perhaps are merely the opinion of the author. It is logical that any card game may have what we call “official” group of rules, is after that particular card game is under an “official” gambling governing body.
As an example, the set of laws of Tournament Bridge are regulated by World Bridge Federation, in addition to by local gambling bodies in different countries for instance, American Contract Bridge League and the Union of English Bridge in U.K. The skat’s rules are administered by The International Association Skat Players and in the German Deutsche Skatverband which circulates the Skatordnung. French tarot’s rules are managed by the Francaise Federation de Tarot.
But it is not compulsory for gambling players to abide by the regulations created by these gambling organizations. If you together with your pals decides to play any game using sets of rules unidentified to any game’s authorized body, you’re not doing some illegal game play